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FAQ Brexit [ENGLISH]

Publié le : lundi 26 novembre 2018 |
FAQ Brexit [ENGLISH]
Le brexit : questions fréqentes | © Douane
Answers to all your questions about Brexit.

DEUTSCH FRANÇAIS

Frequently asked questions

For economic operators

Yes, it is actually the very meaning of Brexit, which implies the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), the European Single Market and the Customs Union. After 29 March 2019, the United Kingdom will again become a third country.

Negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom for a withdrawal agreement are under way. The transitional period, which would allow the United Kingdom to continue to benefit from the Community acquis until 31 December 2020, is an integral part of these negotiations. It will only apply if the draft global withdrawal agreement is finalised at the end of the year. If negotiations fail (i.e. "no deal Brexit"), there will be no transitional period.

Negotiators have given themselves until the end of the year to finalise the draft agreement on the withdrawal of the UK from the European Union. It is on this date that we will know if the Brexit is carried out with or without a withdrawal agreement and thus what will be its actual modalities.

If a draft agreement is finalised this autumn, it will be submitted to both the European Parliament and the British Parliament for approval. If both agree, the agreement will enter into force after 29 March 2019, with a transitional period until 31 December 2020.
During this transitional period, although legally outside the European Union, the United Kingdom would continue to benefit from the provisions of the Customs Union and the EU Single Market, which means in terms of customs and standards / regulations that nothing would change with respect to the current situation. No customs or veterinary formalities for example for products subject to this type of controls.
If negotiations fail, there will be no transitional period and all the consequences linked to the change of status of the United Kingdom will apply from 29 March 2019. This includes, for economic operators, formalities & customs controls (customs and transit ...) as well as non-customs controls (i.e. sanitary & phytosanitary controls).    More details on the transit

In the absence of a withdrawal agreement, the rules applicable to other third countries with which the EU has a commercial relationship will apply to the United Kingdom from the end of March 2019. These rules will essentially translate into:
The restoration of customs formalities with the United Kingdom: It will therefore be necessary to lodge      a declaration for the import and export of goods with the United Kingdom, formalities that can be carried out outside the border with existing procedures. Do not hesitate to contact your nearest Business Consulting Unit to find out which procedure is best for your business.
    Restoration of goods transit formalities. The UK has expressed its intention to join the Common Transit Convention, once it has withdrawn from the European Union. This Convention is the legal basis of the transit regime for both the European Union and some of its neighbours such as Switzerland. The date of entry into force of the provisions of this Convention with the United Kingdom is not known at this stage, but the Commission is working with the States Parties to the Convention to obtain their agreement as soon as possible. The reinstatement of security / safety formalities (    ECS /    ICS) when exiting or entering the territory.

The first step is to contact your nearest Business Consulting Unit, in order to carry out a customs diagnosis of your company with regard to Brexit and to discuss with it the best customs organisation possible.     You will find their contact details here.

Beyond the customs duties that might apply - and of which nothing is known precisely at this stage, since this is intended to be dealt with in the framework of the future free trade agreement - you must at least carry out an import declaration once veterinary checks are conducted by the veterinary services of the Ministry of Agriculture. You will need to make sure to import your goods from a border point with a veterinary border inspection post.

If a draft agreement is finalised this autumn, it will be submitted to the European Parliament and the British Parliament for approval. If both agree, the agreement will enter into force after 29 March 2019, with a transitional period until 31/12/2020.
During this transitional period, although legally outside the European Union, the United Kingdom would continue to benefit from the provisions of the Customs Union and the EU Single Market, which means in terms of customs and standards / regulations that nothing would change with respect to the current situation.
If negotiations fail,,there will be no transitional period and all the consequences linked to the change of status of the United Kingdom – from UE member to third country- will apply from 29 March 2019. This would mean that you may have to submit export declarations for your goods, along with an Electronic Administrative Document (eAD).     For more detailed explanations.

In addition to the French Customs website, which contains all the information on customs clearance,    transit and checks with third countries, as well as simplification procedures and customs procedures, you can:
obtain general information from Infos Douane Service (0 811 20 44 44, non-premium number);
obtain general information or identify your customs contact in your area, by writing to brexit@douane.finances.gouv.fr ;
Obtain detailed information on procedures and formalities, by contacting    the Business Consulting Unit closest to your location. It is specially designed to provide you with all the support you need so that your company is best prepared to face Brexit with the greatest efficiency. Individually tailored advice and awareness raising on customs clearance will be offered to economic operators with no experience in customs clearance.
For any questions related to sanitary & phytosanitary controls, you may wish to contact the    Ministry of Agriculture / SIVEP.
For any questions regarding immigration controls, please contact the French Ministry of the Interior.
You can also    check the notices published online by the European Commission to inform you, your companies, and help you to "prepare for the worst, hoping for the best".

The French Customs have been working since 2017 to prepare for the expected effects of Brexit; regardless of the scenario chosen, including that of the absence of agreement.
It has therefore anticipated the effects of Brexit on its practice and its organisation and will be able to recruit, by 2020, 700 additional customs officers to cope with the workload. This year, 250 customs officers have already been recruited and are training to join their posts next spring, in March. Their missions will be exactly the same as those of their colleagues, namely to handle customs clearance and transit operations, to control them if necessary, to carry out tax refunds for travellers and to control that customs allowances are respected.

Brexit will affect the entire French territory, for the treatment of goods but also travellers. Also, the workforce will be allocated in all the regions, with obviously a significant presence at the most used border points (i.e. Calais, Dunkirk, Channel Tunnel). The precise distribution of this additional staff will depend on the nature of the European Union's future trade relationship with the United Kingdom and will thus be known later in the autumn.

 

For travellers

If a draft agreement is finalised this autumn, it will be submitted to the European Parliament and the British Parliament for approval. If both agree, the agreement will enter into force after 29 March 2019, with a transitional period until 31/12/2020.
During this transitional period, although legally outside the European Union, the United Kingdom would continue to benefit from the provisions of the Customs Union and the European Single Market, which means in terms of customs and standards / regulations that nothing would change with respect to the current situation.
If negotiations fail, there will be no transitional period and all the consequences linked to the change of status of the United Kingdom – from UE member state to third country- will apply from 29 March 2019. This would mean for travellers from the United Kingdom that controls may take place to ensure the respect of customs allowances for purchases made in the United Kingdom.    You may check these allowances.

From 29 March 2019 in the event of a "no deal", or from the 01/01/2021 in the event of a withdrawal agreement, you will be able to reclaim VAT on goods purchased in France.    Check the conditions of eligibility.
At the border (ports, airports, Eurostar) you will find PABLO terminals that will allow you to scan your tax refund forms yourself and receive your refund directly on your bank card or in the office of the nearest tax-free operator. Customs services will be present to help you with your formalities and make sure that you are in possession of the goods for which a tax refund is requested.

 

logo brexit en pratique
https://brexit.gouv.fr/
Site officiel du gouvernement

 

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Thématique Citoyens/Particuliers

 

 
Auteur : Bureau de la communication

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